We FINALLY Know What a Black Hole Looks Like

Here it is. The moment you’ve all been waiting for. “We’re delighted to be able to report
to you today that we have seen what we thought was unseeable. We have seen and taken a picture of a black
hole.” The first ever photo of a black hole, more
specifically the supermassive black hole 55 million light-years away and almost the size
of our entire solar system. It took only two years.12,000 simulations,
200 researchers, 60 institutes and an international partnership of radio telescope sites spread
across the world, to get it. And it will finally tell us if Einstein’s
theory of general relativity’s prediction of black holes was right or…wrong. I know that’s a hefty claim which is why
this is big deal. But don’t fret, he was right, and it’s
been confirmed that his theory holds up. As we may all know, a black hole is one of
the most extreme environments in the universe, and nothing, not even light can escape its
event horizon… So these images are not even the real thing. But we can look at the materials going into
a black hole, like gas, stars, and other astrophysical bodies. The atoms of these materials are pulled into
the intense gravity of the black hole, which then tosses them around at extreme speeds. All that commotion causes the atoms to heat
up into white-hot emissions of X-ray and other high-energy radiation. This is what the teams at the EHT detected
with M87. The researchers call this bright orbiting
disk of hot material, the black hole’s shadow. And the shadow is what we’re all worked
up about. Because just to remind you every other photo
you’ve seen up to this point, has been an artist illustration. Every. Single. One. When these images were made black holes had
never been seen and still a theory. A well-known and highly accepted theory, but
a theory nonetheless. So this photo not only proves the existence
of black holes, but the shape of its shadow, verifies what we currently understand about
theoretical physics. In 1915, Einstein proposed his theory of general
relativity that explains pretty much how gravity interacts with space and time to shape the
universe. He also predicted that the light would bend
by a certain amount when coming near immense gravity, like our sun. Except his theory of gravity is independent
of the modern theories of quantum mechanics. These two pillars that uphold physics just
don’t work together, so one of these theories has to budge. Black holes are one of the places to look
for answers and it looks like general relativity may have the edge, as it’s just been proven
to hold up near one of the most extreme environments known to man. Next steps will be understanding quantum gravity. “It is great that we can see it verified,
but we use this everyday for satellite communication, it is very integral part of our understanding
the universe. There are many people thinking about this
also, but I’m fascinated about black holes and quantum gravity, and how does gravity
actually work?” Researchers had only an idea on what they
should expect from the photo based on their calculations of the black hole; an asymmetrical
lopsided ring of sorts with the disk’s light warped around the event horizon. Which is what we got. “I have to admit, I was a little stunned
that it matched so closely be predictions that we have made. It is gratifying, sometimes frustrating. But, this is the beginning.” After 12,000 simulations, they produced this
photo, that matches what Einstein predicted, and it’s an amazing feat because even the
slightest deviation from general relativity could have created different shadows entirely. Plus this is just another win for Einstein
since the discovery of the gravitational waves in 2016 and the observations of “gravitational
redshift” at Sagittarius A-star. But just because the EHT project made event
history, they aren’t just gonna pack up their gear and head home. Nu-uh, that’s not how this works…ever. In fact, now that they’ve proven the existence
of one of the most tremendous events to happen in the universe, they’re going to dig deeper. “There are some very interesting things
that we want to follow up with, there are asymmetries around the ring, the brightness
in the southern part, so there will be a lot of future work on this to sharpen our focus
on gravity.” Congratulations to the countless researchers
worldwide that made this photo possible and thank you for always pushing the seemingly
impossible realms of science just a bit further into reality. If you guys are itching to know more about
how this process was done, check out Seeker’s interviews with the researchers themselves
in our Focal Point and How Close Are We documentaries. and if you still want more breaking science
news in your day, subscribe! I already know we have something extra special
for you tomorrow, so don’t miss it! Thanks for watching and I’ll see you next
time on Seeker.