# Student Centred Methods of Teaching Mathematics | Dr. R D Padmavathy

hello friends welcome to this e-tutorial

on student-centered methods of teaching mathematics after watching this video you

will be able to in the rapid changing world technology has brought unprecedent

innovations in all the aspects of human civilization to handle this

technological world knowledge in mathematics and science a very much

mandatory throwing light on this code Dr. Abdul Kalam 11th President of India

remarked in his speech that in line with this Obama (2013), Ex-President of America remarked in his speech that from this we

can understand mathematics and science are mandatory subjects not only

important for individual attainment but also important for the nation’s

development. So every nation tries to produce a technically skilled person

by improving the mathematical and scientific knowledge among its citizens. Criticism in teaching of mathematics

but one of the major criticism on teaching learning mathematics is large

number of failures or performance lags in the subject most of the students feel

that concepts and procedures of mathematics are difficult to understand

because rules and algorithms overlook them. These lead them to do more error when

they solve mathematical problems which create frustration in the minds of the

learners and make them to drop on the course. As a consequence, , students tend to lose the sense of importance of mathematics and move away from quantitative literacy. There were many reasons identified for student failure in mathematics.

Among them researches focus in learning mathematics proved Instruction or defective methods adopted by teachers play a crucial role in hindering the mathematical development among the

students. What is going wrong in mathematics classroom. Many teachers

mathematical instructions focuses mainly on the procedural fluency than conceptual understanding. So students are not able to understand recall the facts

use correct algorithm to solve a problem and apply them in the a

real-life situation. Due to that mathematical understanding cannot attain

by the students To improve

mathematics learning mathematical instruction should focus on To promote a

relational understanding and mathematical proficiency

student-centered methods of teaching mathematics should be adapted. student-centered methods

of teaching mathematics are the combinations of different instructional

methods and approaches that draws from multiple theories, disciplines and trends

in the field of education. In student centric classroom students ideas are key

factors. Teachers begins their classes by understanding where the students are

with the students ideas. In student centred method importance are given for which means students take active part in the acquisition of their own mathematical knowledge. In this method students current knowledge and

ways of thinking as well as ways in which those learning develop are taken

into account. In student-centered method emphasis is more on discovering and

understanding the students likes, interest and skills. It lays the basis for

the research oriented attitude of the students and conditions the development

of skills in terms of putting forward and verifying the hypothesis concerning

natural phenomena and process, practical application of knowledge, observations,

measurements and experiments as well as broadening the knowledge of the

methodology. student-centered method can be applied in everyday situations in which students

deal with their own tasks and projects. In this strategy, mathematical thinking, reasoning

and competences of learners play a crucial role. Here focus is on the

individual through differentiation, scaffolding, and opportunity for choice. Role

of teacher in student-centered methods- in student-centered methods e Now let us discuss the

different student centered methods of teaching one by one the first method is

analytic method. Analysis means It is a scientific and formational

method. In this method every steps has its own importance and reasons which

leads to discovery and encourages here meaningful learning, based on heuristic approach. In this method there is enough opportunity for learners to

present their original thoughts. Therefore analytic method develops

originality of thinking and reasoning among students. The students can recall

and reconstruct easily if they forget in any step. This method provides a close

contact between the teacher and the taught. The next method let us discuss is

inductive method This method has been found to be a very suitable method for teaching mathematics

because mathematical formulae and generalizations are the results of

induction method. This method encourages better pupil

teacher relationship. The next method let us discuss is Heuristic Method So the knowledge obtained

through this method is stable in the minds of the students. In heuristic

method students are trained to collect data, interpret data and arrive at the

solution by rejecting superfluous statements. If successful implementation

of heuristic method can develop efficiency in problem-solving skills,

individual practical work, careful observation and independent thinking

which make the student self-reliant. The next method let us discuss is laboratory method laboratory method stimulates students to do experiments or encourages

to carry out certain activities to make discoveries in order to verify the

validity of mathematical generalizations, law or a statement. This method is based

on the psychological principles of learning such as learning by doing,

learning by observation and so on. A well-furnished

mathematical laboratory helps in stimulating and worthwhile experiences in clarifying the meanings of mathematical principles and for the acquisition of understandings and skills. The success of the laboratory method depends on the

skilled mathematics teacher as well as the availability of a well-equipped

mathematics laboratory. The next method let us discuss this is Project Method . The next method let us discuss is problem solving method The next method let us discuss is Action teaching To conclude the session, methods are the way to understand and practice the

art of teaching. Methods of teaching has an intimate relationship with

teaching and instructional objectives. Any method can be effective method for

teaching mathematics in the hands of an able and resourceful teacher of

mathematics. Every method has some goodness in it.

Children should be told as little as possible and induced to

discover as much as possible. By using student centered methods of teaching

mathematics teacher can provide successful experience, maintain the

interest and enhance the mathematical thinking proficiency among the students.

With these words I conclude my session. Hope you enjoyed the session let us meet

again thank you

Good Explanation Madam . It is beneficial to students of Mathematics/Physical Sciences' Pedagogy of Teacher Education courses in India .