Micro- and Macrosociology, Functionalism & Conflict Theory – Psychology & Sociology | Lecturio


[Music] okay so why don’t we take a look at some of the theoretical approaches to understanding and studying sociology so one clear ways to distinguish between macro sociology and microsociology macro sociology emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale so we’re looking at you know we can focus in on small groups but then we look at how that applies to that broader larger social structure so everything’s big picture and we have micro sociology which concerns considering the nature of everyday human social interaction in the agency of a small scale and we’re talking about face to face interaction so focus more on individual interaction and thinking within groups as opposed to applying group thinking to a larger broader a bigger group so there are a couple other theories and models that we’re going to walk through and we’re gonna look at how they differentiate and what it is that they’re actually focusing on in terms of sociology so first is functionalism and this follows is a type of macro social theory so according to the the functionalism model we’re saying that states that societies are complex systems of interrelated and interdependent parts and that each part of society significantly influences the other so it’s interconnected each part of society exists because it has a specific function to perform for society as a whole and there that societies follow a state of equilibrium and shifts are adjusted through adjustments so we know this that in our societies we have different bodies where we have this educational system we have the religious sector we have the commercial sector and so all of these play a specific role yet they’re all related right so businesses can impact religion and religion can impact vice-versa can impact business and education can impact businesses and so on so they’re all interconnected and what it does is it establishes a certain equilibrium that that specific society has in that moment and if there’s ever a change like there’s turmoil in the church or there’s a economic instability that’s going to over time adjust itself and go back to either a new state a new state of equilibrium or return back to the previous level or equilibrium conflict theories a little bit different conflict theory states that society is a competition for and they’re competing for a limited pool of resources and they do not and do not lean on some form of equilibrium so it’s not that they’re trying to get to a certain state it’s that there’s this constant struggle there’s a limited amount of resources and sis constant competition individuals and groups acquire scarce resources to satisfy their own needs and wants that’s creating endless conflicts those with power have the ability to control more of those resources for examples of political economic and social resources so that can make a lot of sense in a lot of ways too and that they’re looking for whether it’s economic wealth if we’re looking for political power if we’re looking for so access to social resources the individuals are a little bit more affluent who have that in terms of society in our ladder a little bit higher up they would have more of that and so there’s that constant struggle and conflict to try and get more of those resources now the major criticism with the conflict theory includes the following three points first focuses on conflict and not really the stability that is expressed in society so it’s not that things are perfect but it’s not also a daily conflict in a lot of ways we’ve embraced and we live within the social constructs that are around us right so we sort of understand and we live in and now we’re miserable in fighting every day it also ignores the non forceful ways agreements can be reached so this other peaceful and sort of academic ways to discuss negotiating and create ways to work within that society and if focuses on economic drivers is the main conflict within society so it’s not always about money there could be other things that people within society are debating about and trying to understand a little bit better and so this model focuses a little bit more on the economic drivers [Music] [Music]